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Not long ago, I posted my interview with Disciples theologian and author Rita Nakashima Brock, founder of Faith Voices for the Common Good and a member of the Axis of Friendship — a coalition of individuals and groups reaching out in solidarity with the people of Iran.

With the visit of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to the U.N. this week and the ongoing concerns about its nuclear aims, the spotlight is once again on Iran, as it has been off and on since the highly-contested elections of this summer.

On Wednesday,  Brock and fellow Axis of Friendship member Amir Soltani had an opinion piece, “An Empty Roar from the Lion of Islam,” published as an op-ed in The Boston Globe.

In another article, published the same day on the Dog Canyon blog, Brock asks “What has Christianity to do with Iran?” and answers “A lot, it turns out.”   Her article there, “Iran and our Axis of Friendship,” is a fascinating look at the role of Persia (now Iran) in the world at the time of Jesus’ birth.

What are your thoughts on Iran, and on Ahmadinejad’s visit and speech?


Photo: kkalyan (Creative Commons license)

Photo: kkalyan (Creative Commons license)

On September 12, 2001, thousands of people around the world lit candles in solidarity with the United States following the terrorist attacks of September 11.
Recently, the 2009 General Assembly adopted a resolution supporting the Axis of Friendship initiative encouraging Disciples to light a candle on September 12, and to hold services of candle-lighting and peacemaking in local churches. Disciples of Christ theologian, scholar and activist Rita Nakashima Brock, of Faith Voices for the Common Good, was a catalyst behind launching the Axis of Friendship in 2008. Brock is in London, but had an email conversation with Rebecca Bowman Woods, DisciplesWorld news and website editor, this week.

Rebecca Bowman Woods: How did the Axis of Friendship begin?

Rita Nakashima Brock: Last July, Rev. Pat DeJong [senior minister] at First Congregational Church in Berkeley, Calif. (FCCB) and I met to discuss what we could do about the demonization of Iran, and HR 362 making its way through the House, which included a naval blockade against Iran, an act of war under international law. It was clear the US military was in trouble in Iraq, so starting a war with a country 3 times its size whose legally elected government the US overthrew in 1953 was of great concern to us.

We decided to meet with others in the East Bay we had worked with previously in trying to stop the Iraq and Afghanistan wars. At that meeting, I suggested that another war protest would not be news and we needed to include some Iranian Americans to create a strategy they could support. We invited leaders of the Iranian Student Association at Cal Berkeley, an organizer for Iranian voters in the South Bay, and a friend of mine, Amir Soltani, with whom I’d shared a Harvard connection and with whom begun to work on poverty in Oakland.

The Iranian Americans said no one from their communities would show up for a political protest (because of danger to their families and themselves, and disillusionment with such protests), but they love festivals. We decided to hold a US-Iran friendship festival in San Francisco’s Civic Center Plaza with food, music, art, and speakers, ending with taking children’s peace art to Nancy Pelosi’s office near the Plaza. We had the speakers first (nine leaders from various faiths and communities, plus a middle school group, which read peace poetry) and called a press conference (excerpts from the event are at

Faith Voices for the Common Good [which Brock founded] is the fiscal home for the Axis of Friendship, but a number of churches and organizations are part of the network that supports the work of it that joined together last summer.

RW: How did you settle on September 12 as the date?

RB: The first feasible date for the event last year, given all the political conventions that summer, was September 12, a Friday afternoon. Amir, who had worked as a journalist, pointed out that on that day in 2001, 10,000 people had stood with candles in the streets of Tehran in solidarity and sorrow with the tragedy of 9/11. So, our choice of date seemed ideal to point to the global friendship that emerged that day all over the world. After discussing what to call it, we settled on the Axis of Friendship. A Festival of Friendship seemed to vague and general and needed explaining. Whereas Axis of Friendship directly linked the festival to the aftermath of 9/11 and the invention of an “axis of evil” in January of 2002, which was used to launch “preemptive” wars of aggression.

We decided to hold a candle lighting vigil as the conclusion of our festival and invited other communities to do so. Both Chapman University’s church relations office and the community at Pilgrim Place in Claremont, Calif., decided to hold vigils, and our festival in San Francisco was very successful.

RW: Who was involved in writing and submitting resolutions to the Disciples’ General Assembly and the UCC’s General Synod in support of Axis of Friendship Day?

RB: In its aftermath, Pat, Amir, and I thought we needed to do further work on education about the people and country of Iran (Pat had visited Iran with the Fellowship of Reconciliation’s Iran program). Amir and I had written an op ed, published Sept 11 in the Boston Globe, about the Axis of Friendship, and Pat and I used it as a basis for creating a resolution to go to the United Church of Christ General Synod. She invited other churches to get involved.

I approached the Oakland congregation to see if we might do something similar with the General Assembly of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). They jumped on board with enthusiasm, so I invited DJAN [Disciples Justice Action Network] to provide some support. I also knew that Park Avenue Christian Church [in New York City] had a strong peace program, and they too supported the initiative and joined as another church sponsor of the resolution.

Amir, in the meantime, both became a member of our Faith Voices board and was recruited to become the operations director for Omid for Iran. We continue to work on ways to further the work of the Axis of Friendship.

We are pleased that both the UCC and Disciples passed resolutions in support of Axis of Friendship Day and will continue with ways to promote it in the future, including adding more organizational members. While we are currently focused on Iran, the Axis is not limited to friendship with Iran.

RW: Things have changed in Iran, and here in the US, since last year. Do you feel more hopeful that we can foster diplomatic relations with Iran, and avoid the alternative of conflict or war? And with Iran’s recent elections and the accusations over the outcome, what role can friendships and an Axis of Friendship play in making the voices of the people of Iran heard and in learning what’s happening there?

RB: One of our objectives last summer was to put a human face on Iran and to de-demonize its people (who were demonized during the hostage crisis under Carter). The aftermath of the June election fraud in Iran this summer did this. I think many Americans could identify with their struggle, after our own difficult elections. But the courage of the Iranian people who continue to work for democracy has its own amazing and inspiring power.

We hope via the Axis of Friendship to keep Iran in the U.S. public consciousness and to create new ways to develop people-to-people exchanges to other countries where people struggle for human rights and dignity, especially as opportunities develop via Global Ministries’ work in many such places.

RW: What else is important for people to know?

RB: I think there are many ways for Christians to promote peace. The work of overseas ministries is an underappreciated and underutilized avenue for positive work for peace. At the same time, we have an increasingly diverse society and amazing opportunities to strengthen the Axis of Friendship with people in our own regions. We need to be reaching out to Iraqis, Afghanis, and Iranians who are our neighbors, and befriending them.

I first came to appreciate Iran in college because of work I did in Biblical studies and the impact of Persia on Isaiah and on Christianity. Then over a decade ago I met an Iranian Muslim feminist in London, Roxanne Zand, who introduced me to feminist writings she translated and to modern Iranian artists she was supporting as an art curator. And, of course, I have learned a great deal from Amir and the Iranian Americans I have come to know in the East Bay.

I’m in Grand Rapids, Mich. for the United Church of Christ’s General Synod. I’ll be here for the whole Synod, which officially opens Friday and ends June 30. On Thursday I spent the day covering a pre-Synod consultation on immigration.

The event included great speakers, immigrants who shared their stories, and community organizers including keynote speaker Norma Chavez-Peterson of Justice Overcoming Boundaries and Baldemar Velasquez, known for his work with FLOC, organizing farm laborers.

But the best quote of the day came from Dave Ostendorf, who said that liberal Christians tend to be “resolutionary” instead of “revolutionary.” He and others called for people of faith to go beyond passing resolutions and having church meetings to actually taking ministry outside of church walls and into the community to get things done, engaging systems and structures to get at the root causes of social problems.

One thing I appreciated about the day’s event is that those in attendance seem to understand the intricacies of justice work. They talked about the unintended consequences of the efforts of well-meaning Christians; they distinguish between feel-good, drive-by charity work and actually listening to, honoring, and empowering people who are oppressed so that they can shape their own futures with dignity. Those are nuances that you sometimes don’t hear when it comes to church mission and outreach.

In light of Ostendorf’s remark, I couldn’t help but think about the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). In about a month, the General Assembly will vote on whether to stop being a “resolutionary’ church. The idea is to replace sometimes-controversial Sense-of-the-Assembly resolutions (and a couple of other types of resolutions) with a dialogue process: Calls for Action.

But if we stop being “resolutionary,” we’re still far from revolutionary, and sometimes, a revolution — a turning-upside-down of things — is in order. While resolutions should not be  confused with actions,  I wonder if now we’ll fall into the trap of mistaking conversation for action. To be fair, the Calls for Action open a better space for dialogue than the 12, 24, or in a few cases, 48 minutes of floor debate. But at the end of the day, will anyone urge us to take it a step further?

How, as church, can we Disciples go from resolutionary to revolutionary, instead of going from resolutionary to…a bunch of nice Christians who can proudly say that we all get along? I hope we can find a way.

The Los Angeles Times and other media outlets are reporting that blogger/journalist Philip Rizk, taken into custody by Egyptian officials last week, has been released.

Rizk’s abduction and interrogation is not an isolated incident. As the Times reports, others who have challenged the Egyptian government’s policies and its stance regarding Palestinians have also been targeted. According to the Times:

The crackdown on bloggers and Facebook dissidents has intensified over the last 18 months. The Egyptian government, skilled at using detention and intimidation to silence its opponents, charges that certain bloggers endanger national security. The cases of Rizk and the other Palestinian sympathizers expanded the Egyptian security forces’ battle in cyberspace from labor unrest, radical Islam and economic problems to the larger Arab-Israeli conflict.

Rizk was an occasional contributor to the God’s Politics blog, updated by Jim Wallis of Sojourners/Call to Renewal and friends. He wrote about life in Gaza and the plight of the Palestinians, including the murder of Gaza Christian bookseller Rami Ayyad.

Rizk’s is a story worth paying attention to. Over the next few days, hopefully we’ll hear more about what happened to him while he went missing. According to, he’s now home safe with his family.

Rizk’s imprisonment was also the subject of a massive web-based awareness campaign that included Facebook, MySpace, Jaiku, and other sites. Should this kind of social network activism prove successful, perhaps it could help in the case of Lori Berenson, an American imprisoned in Peru for over 13 years. DisciplesWorld contributor Heidi Bright Parales wrote an update this week on Berenson’s situation, which was also the subject of a 2001 Disciples of Christ General Assembly resolution calling for her release.

Vacant storefronts along one of the main streets in Wilmington, Ohio.

Vacant storefronts along one of the main streets in Wilmington, Ohio. (Click photo to view a slideshow of images from Wilmington.) Photo: DisciplesWorld

The Jan/Feb issue of DisciplesWorld comes out this week. I wrote the Lean Times column for this issue, about the town of Wilmington, Ohio. DHL Express just pulled out of Wilmington, leaving about 8,000 people in the town and surrounding counties unemployed. The town only has about 12,000 people. About one in three households have a family member who worked for DHL or related businesses at it’s Airpark.

While I was in town working on the article, CBS’ 60 Minutes was also there. Their segment on Wilmington aired last Sunday, Jan. 25. You can watch it or read the transcript here.

While 60 Minutes did an excellent job (they don’t need me to tell them that!) and they more than drove home the point that this small town (and others like it) are facing really tough times, they left out any mention of what I think is the most interesting and hope-inspiring angle. Taylor Stuckert and Mark Rembert, two young guys who grew up there, returned after college and are organizing an effort to make Wilmington the nation’s first Green Enterprise Zone. They’ve formed an organization called ENERGIZE Clinton County. Read more about them in the Daily Kos blog entry, What 60 Minutes Didn’t Tell You About Wilmington, Ohio.

I’ve talked with Taylor and Mark, read their proposals, and I think they have great (and practical) ideas. People are getting behind them. You can help, even if you don’t live anywhere near Wilmington. As they point out in my DisciplesWorld piece, Wilmington could become sort of a test lab for green technology and business, and for ideas and programs. The town has a huge number of people who are willing to learn and ready to work.

If the Obama administration doesn’t recognize this opportunity [and you can help by writing to them and to the Ohio Senators like Sherrod Brown who can get things done] then shame on them. Hopefully they’ll invest in Wilmington (different from a handout or a bailout) and show us how it can be done.

A group of Indiana Disciples who visited the Democratic Republic of Congo in May talked about their experiences on June 24 at a Global Ministries-sponsored luncheon in Indianapolis. They shared wonderful and moving stories about the hospitality they received from their counterparts in the Community of Disciples of Christ in Congo. They also talked about Congo’s human rights and environmental crisis relating to the mining of coltan.

Coltan (columbite-tantalite) is found in cell phones, laptops, and DVD players. I had never heard of it until a couple of years ago, when I met Rev. Boseala Eale, a church leader from Kinshasa, at the Disciples’ Michigan Regional Assembly. Rev. Eale told me that the mining of coltan in the eastern part of Congo results in death, violence, and injustice. In the end, most of the Congolese people receive nothing from the mining of coltan. The situation sounds very much like the mining of ‘conflict diamonds’ in Sierra Leone and other African countries, yet few people in North America know about this – yet.

Last month, Sen. Sam Brownback (R-Kan.) and Sen. Dick Durbin (D-Ill.) introduced the Conflict Coltan and Cassiterite Act, which, according the Brownback’s news release, would call for a certification process for minerals imported from the DRC. Here is a link to the full text of the bill – which was introduced, read twice, and referred to the Finance Committee.

North American Disciples have strong ties to our sister churches in Congo. We are in a position to bring attention to the need for justice and an end to violence surrounding coltan mining there. Let’s see what we can do to support this bill and other efforts to draw attention to Congo’s situations. Its wealth of natural resources could be used to help the Congolese people and can be mined without damaging the environment but without proper attention, that’s not likely to happen.

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